Definition: Radiology is a medical specialty that focuses on the interpretation of medical images to diagnose and treat diseases and injuries. Physicians specializing in radiology are called radiologists.
Diagnostic Interpretation: Radiologists interpret medical images obtained from various imaging modalities, such as X-ray, CT, MRI, ultrasound, and nuclear medicine. They analyze the images to identify abnormalities, assess disease extent, and provide diagnostic insights to referring physicians.
Subspecialties: Radiology encompasses various subspecialties, including neuroradiology (brain and nervous system imaging), musculoskeletal radiology (bones and joints imaging), abdominal imaging, breast imaging, cardiovascular imaging, and interventional radiology (minimally invasive image-guided procedures).
Training and Education: Radiologists undergo extensive training in medical school and residency programs to specialize in radiology. They receive training in anatomy, physics, imaging techniques, radiation safety, and diagnostic interpretation.